It is bounded, approximately, by the Patagonian Andes, the Colorado River (except where the region extends north of the river into the Andean borderlands), the … [35] As well, most of Santiago del Estero Province lies within the region. [54]:18[55] During the winter months, the intertropical convergence zone, the South Pacific, and the South Atlantic highs move northward while the Chaco Low weakens, all of which results in the suppression of rain during the winter. [20][23]:30 Most of the precipitation is concentrated in the summer and decreases from east to west. Southeast of the Andean region described above, xerophytic (drought-tolerant) scrub forests, called monte, and intervening grasslands spread across the Pampean Sierras. [103] Winters are drier in most places due to weaker easterly winds, and stronger southerly winds, which prevent moist air from coming in. The Chaco region in the center-north, despite being relatively homogeneous in terms of precipitation and temperature, is the warmest region in Argentina, and one of the few natural areas in the world located between tropical and temperate latitudes that is not a desert. [36], The region has a subtropical climate. The new government has mainly focused its policy efforts on addressing the economic crisis that pre-dates the pandemic but has been exacerbated by it, putting further climate … [125] Much of northwestern Patagonia in the Andes, corresponding to the northern parts of the Bosque Andino Patagónico region, receives abundant precipitation in winter with occasional droughts in summer, allowing it to support forests with dense coverage. The geography of Argentina describes the geographic features of Argentina, a country located in Southern South America. Due to its vast size and range of altitudes, Argentina possesses a wide variety of climatic regions, ranging from the hot subtropical region in the north to the cold subantarctic in the far south. In general, Argentina has four main climate types: warm, moderate, arid, and cold in which the relief features, and the latitudinal extent of the country, determine the different varieties within the main climate types. The Germans established farm settlements and cooperatives; the French contributed their viticultural expertise; and the Japanese invested in business, as did the Syrians and Lebanese. The variety of geographical regions in Argentina, are a determining factor of the different types of climates. [121] When warm subtropical air arrives in the region, the air is dry, resulting in little precipitation, and causes temperatures to be higher than those observed in northeast Argentina. [66][86] The average temperature in January is 24 °C (75 °F) in most of the region. › Overview: Climate in Argentina › Duration of daylight and sunshine in Argentina [66][125] At higher altitudes in the Andes, stretching from Neuquén Province to Tierra del Fuego Province, mean annual temperatures are below 5 °C (41 °F). [55][58]:56 During fall, the jungles are covered by fog and complete cloud cover. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. [52], The Andes are the principal factor that determines the precipitation/rainfall regime (seasonal distribution of rainfall). For information about our work in Argentina:. Argentina is a country located in the southern part of South America. The steppe areas have about twice the annual precipitation found in the arid zones, but evaporation exceeds precipitation in both zones, which therefore remain treeless. Generally, the tundra climate occupies the mountain zones where average annual temperatures are below 50 °F (10 °C); in the north this occurs above 11,500 feet (3,500 metres). Tropical air masses only occasionally invade the provinces of Formosa and Misiones in the extreme north. Common trees are the quebracho, the urunday, and the guayacán, used for tannin and lumber. These can generate thunderstorms with intense hailstorms and precipitation, and are known to have the most frequent lightning, and highest convective cloud tops, in the world. The Pampas is mostly flat and receives more precipitation, averaging 500 mm (20 in) in the western parts to 1,200 mm (47 in) in the eastern parts. [128] Absolute minimum temperatures are more than −15 °C (5 °F) in coastal areas, while in the central Patagonian plateaus, they can reach below −20 °C (−4 °F).[121]. 7 August 2020. [55], The area further west is the Puna region, a plateau with an average altitude of 3,900 m (12,800 ft) that is mostly a desert due to the easterly winds being blocked by the Andes and the northwest extension of the Sierras Pampeanas. According to the prevailing climate, the country is divided into mild, sub-tropical and arid regions. This penetrates the eastern areas more than the west, bringing it more precipitation. In rare instances a dusting of snow covers Buenos Aires itself. [53] The eastern slopes of the mountains receive between 1,000 to 1,500 mm (39 to 59 in) of precipitation a year although some places receive up to 2,500 mm (98 in) of precipitation annually owing to orographic precipitation. The climate in Argentina Average daytime and nighttime temperatures All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 113 measuring stations in Argentina. [21][40] In contrast, winters are dry due to these systems weakening, and the lower insolation that weakens the Chaco Low, and the northward displacement of westerly winds. Penguins and seals frequent coastal areas, especially in the south. More like neighboring Bolivia and Peru in terms of culture, the Northwest region of Argentina is worlds away from the European stylings of Buenos Aires. Paraná pines appear at higher elevations. Argentina Agricultural crop by climate areas Crops by climatic zone. your own Pins on Pinterest The climate in Argentina is diverse and perfect for those wanting a beach holiday or for visitors in search of an Antarctic adventure. Heavy immigration, particularly from Spain and Italy, has produced in Argentina a people who are almost all of European ancestry. Argentina’s wine regions produce grapes with distinct flavor, quality and aroma. Argentina's climate ranges from the great heat and extensive rains of the subtropical Chaco in the north, through to the pleasant climate of the central Pampas, and the sub-Antarctic cold of the Patagonian Sea in the south. Argentina is the only place in the Southern Hemisphere with an extensive portion of arid eastern coastline. Flightless rheas still inhabit the Pampas, but guanacos are no longer found there. [119], The warmest areas are in northern parts of Río Negro and Neuquén Provinces where mean annual temperatures range from 13 to 15 °C (55 to 59 °F), while the coldest are in western Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego Provinces where mean annual temperatures range from 5 to 8 °C (41 to 46 °F). [66], Precipitation decreases from east to west,[104] and ranges from 1,200 mm (47 in) in the northeast, to under 500 mm (20 in) in the south and west. [23]:39 Most of the winter precipitation is the result of synoptic scale, low pressure weather systems (large scale storms such as extratropical cyclones),[23]:40 particularly the sudestada, which often bring long periods of precipitation, cloudiness, cooler temperatures, and strong winds. [24] Summers are hot and humid while winters are mild. Wildlife in the region includes now rare guanacos and rheas, as well as eagles and herons, the Patagonian cavy (mará) and other burrowing rodents, mountain cats and pumas, and various poisonous snakes. Regions of Argentina. [26][27][29] However, such cold fronts are brief, and are less intense than in areas further south or at higher altitudes. Argentina Climate Map page, view Argentina political, physical, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Argentina location in World map. Precipitation is moderate to light throughout most of the country, with the driest areas in the far northwest and in the southern part of Patagonia. This zone represents an extension southward of the monte, which gives way gradually to a xerophytic shrub region without trees except along stream banks. Rio Negro is one of the coldest regions in Argentina with an average daily high temperature of only 20 degrees centigrade. For when you decide to visit, we’ve put together this brief guide to Argentina’s top five wine regions. [9] However, despite the diversity of biomes, about two-thirds of Argentina is arid or semi-arid. Argentina Agricultural crop by climate areas Crops by climatic zone. [119] Most precipitation events are light; each event usually results in less than 5 mm (0.2 in). [25][26][27][28] Snowfall is extremely rare and mainly confined to the uplands of Misiones Province where the last significant snowfall occurred in 1975 in Bernardo de Irigoyen. In Patagonia the largest group was the Tehuelche, and on Tierra del Fuego the Ona. [103] These are usually followed by a day or two of strong pampero winds from the south, which bring cool, dry air. The disputed Falkland Islands is a United Kingdom Overseas Territory, but is claimed by Argentina. In general, Argentina has four main climate types: warm, moderate, arid, and cold, all determined by the expanse across latitude, range in altitude, and relief features. › Overview: Climate in Argentina › Duration of daylight and sunshine in Argentina [20][23]:31Precipitation is slightly higher in summer than in winter, and generally decreases from east to west and from north to south. [119][121] As a result, the Andes create an extensive rain-shadow in much of Argentine Patagonia, causing most of the region to be arid. [62]:28[71] During winter, cold fronts from the south bringing cold Antarctic air can cause temperatures to fall between −8 to −14 °C (18 to 7 °F) with severe frosts. Argentina Republic Map South america. Climate change in Argentina is predicted to have significant effects on the living conditions in Argentina. In Buenos Aires, the climate is warm and temperate. CLIMATE OF THE CENTER OF ARGENTINA. The western Gran Chaco has growths of thorn forest dominated by algaroba (carob trees) in the drier and often saline zones. [20][25] Summer rains are intense, and torrential rain is common, occasionally causing floods and soil erosion. [38][39]:486 Chaco is one of the few natural regions in the world located between tropical and temperate latitudes that is not a desert. [21][52] Southern parts of the region are influenced by cold fronts travelling northward. Mesopotamia is a habitat for jaguars, monkeys, deer, tapirs, peccaries, many snake varieties, and numerous birds, notably toucans and hummingbirds, as well as stingless bees. [53][56] About 90% of the annual precipitation falls from November to April, which constitutes the wet season while the dry season is from May until October when precipitation is sparse. Covering an area of 2,780,400 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the world's 8th largest country, the 2nd largest country in South America, and the 4th largest country in the Americas. [125][131] Towards the south, where land masses are narrow, the Pacific Ocean influences coastal areas in addition to the Atlantic Ocean, ensuring that the cold is neither prolonged nor intense. The southern extremes of Argentina, which extend to latitude 55° S, also have predominantly temperate conditions, rather than the cold continental climate of comparable latitudes in North America. [103] Autumn arrives in March and brings periods of mild daytime temperatures and cool nights. [7][8] Consequently, there is a wide variety of biomes in the country, including subtropical rain forests, semi-arid and arid regions, temperate plains in the Pampas, and cold subantarctic in the south. The vast birdlife includes the flightless rheas, which are protected by a refuge in the area. The thorn forests are gradually replaced by dense quebracho forests (though of a less-valuable species than those in the west), and there are some pure stands of algaroba. Hares, skunks, and small deer abound in this part of the Northwest. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. [121] The movement of warm, subtropical air into the region occurs frequently in summer up to 46oS. [128], Temperatures are relatively cold for its latitude due to the cold Malvinas Current and the high altitude. As well, the Pampas is the most consistently active tornado region outside the central and southeastern United States. In climate, size, and topography, Argentina can be compared with the portion of the U.S. between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, although the North American region has colder winters. This is caused by a longitudinal rain shadow zone (created when air masses lose their moisture while passing over high mountains) on the eastern side of the Andes. To further illustrate this point, Argentina is a country with stunningly varied regions. [79][80] The wide range in latitudes, combined with altitudes ranging from 500 m (1,600 ft) to nearly 7,000 m (23,000 ft), means that it has a variety of different climate types. [30], Annual temperatures range from 17 °C (63 °F) in the northern parts to 14 °C (57 °F) in the south. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is in January. [40] Further eastward, in San Luis Province, mean summer rainfall averages around 500 mm (20 in) and can exceed 700 mm (28 in) in some areas. Each region is divided into Provinces. [23]:85, The Chaco region is the hottest in Argentina, with a mean annual temperature of 23 °C (73 °F). [20][21]:12[25] The mean January temperature throughout most of the region is 25 °C (77 °F) except in the uplands of Misiones Province where they are lower owing to its higher elevation. Since that time mestizos from Chile, Bolivia, and Paraguay have grown numerous in bordering regions, but only since the late 20th century has there been substantial immigration from Paraguay and Uruguay into the urban areas of Argentina. In fact, it is home to mountainous, rugged topography, subtropical southern regions, moist grasslands, fertile plains, and dense forestry as well. [60][68]:53 The diurnal range in cities is fairly wide, particularly in the winter. [28][100], Chubut, Neuquén, Río Negro, Santa Cruz, and Tierra del Fuego are the provinces that make up Patagonia. Between winter storms, tropical air masses make incursions southward and bring mild relief from the damp cold. Mendoza lies the heart of Argentina’s wine country. Argentina’s varied geography can be grouped into four major regions: the Andes, the North, the Pampas, and Patagonia. [40][79], Mean annual temperatures range from 13 to 15.5 °C (55.4 to 59.9 °F). Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees centigrade, sometimes up to 33 degrees. The conservative restoration and the Concordancia, 1930–43, Attempts to restore constitutionalism, 1955–66. [52][54]:33[55][63] Precipitation in the Puna region averages less than 200 mm (8 in) a year while potential evapotranspiration ranges from 500 to 600 mm (20 to 24 in) a year, owing to the high insolation, strong winds, and low humidity that exacerbates the dry conditions. The is a great deal of rainfall in Buenos Aires, even in the driest month. Argentina’s fauna and flora vary widely from the country’s mountainous zones to its dry and humid plains and its subpolar regions. Misiones is one of the warmest region in Argentina with an average daily high temperature of 27 degrees centigrade. [97][98][99] The weather in the Pampas is variable due to the contrasting air masses and frontal storms that impact the region. Cold fronts that move northward from Patagonia, chiefly in July, bring occasional frosts and snow to the Pampas and Mesopotamia. All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years. [99] Occasionally, tropical air masses from the north may move southward, providing relief from the cool, damp temperatures. [125] The southern parts of the Bosque Andino Patagónico region receive only 200 to 500 mm (8 to 20 in) resulting in less dense forest coverage. European descendants were in the minority. [51][52] Under the Köppen climate classification, the region has 5 different climate types: semi–arid (BS), arid (BW), temperate climate without a dry season and with a dry season (Cf and Cw respectively), and an alpine climate at the highest altitudes. [88][89] This wind often occurs before the passage of a cold front across Argentina, and tends to occur when a low pressure system brings heavy rain to the Chilean side, and when an upper-level trough allows the winds to pass over the Andes to descend downwards. Salta / Argentinien", "Klimatafel von La Rioja, Prov. The high-elevation, cold climatic phenomenon in Argentina is sometimes referred to as tundra climate and, in even colder mountaintop areas, as polar. In the northernmost part of Argentina, the climate is subtropical, definitely hot in summer and pleasantly warm in winter. [121] Northeastern areas, along with southern parts of the region, are influenced by air masses from the Atlantic Ocean, resulting in precipitation being more evenly distributed throughout the year. Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest: Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay: Geographic coordinates: 34 00 S, 64 00 W: Comparative Area: slightly less than three-tenths the size of … [23]:38–39 Winter (June–August) is the driest season, with a mean precipitation of 110 mm (4.3 in) throughout the region. Mendoza is by far the largest wine region in Argentina. The Araucanian Indians traveled over the mountains from Chile and raided Spanish settlements in the southern Pampas until the Conquest of the Desert in the 1870s. Read more about Argentina Climate Types >> Many regions have different, often contrasting, microclimates. [119][127][121] As a result, except for these areas, the winter maxima in precipitation results in a strong water deficit in the summer. The different soils and climates in the country, offer a variety of agricultural products, adapted to the possibilities of each region. In the deserts of Cuyo it can be extremely hot and dry in summer and temperatures can reach … Vegetation on the mostly exposed soil of the puna consists of dwarf shrubs and tough grasses, notably bunchgrass; these and other plants in the region are coloured almost as brown as the ground itself. [84] In all locations, at altitudes over 3,800 m (12,500 ft), permafrost is present, while icy conditions persist year round at altitudes over 4,000 m (13,000 ft). The different soils and climates in the country, offer a variety of agricultural products, adapted to the possibilities of each region. Regions of Argentina Of Argentina's more than 278 million hectares of land, nearly 17.5 million hectares are established as protected, which is about 6.3% of the country's landmass. Due to its vast size and range of altitudes, Argentina possesses a wide variety of climatic regions, ranging from the hot subtropical region in the north to the cold subantarctic in the far south. It is mostly a flat area, interrupted only by the Tandilia and Ventana hills in its southern portion. Groups of trees and grassy areas form a parklike landscape of noted beauty. [26][27][29], The Chaco region in the center-north completely includes the provinces of Chaco, and Formosa. [119][124] Precipitation decreases steeply from west to east, ranging from 4,000 mm (160 in) in the west on the Andean foothills at 41oS, to 150 mm (6 in) in the central plateaus. [29][30] Spring (September–November) is similar to fall with a mean precipitation of 340 mm (13 in). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Jump to main content [Access key C] Jump to primary navigation [Access key N] Skip navigation [Access key S] In much of Patagonia precipitation is concentrated in winter with snowfall occurring occasionally, particularly in the mountainous west and south; precipitation is more evenly distributed in the east and south. [43] In all parts of the region, precipitation is highly variable from year to year. [116][117] Being located between the semipermanent South Pacific and the South Atlantic Highs at around 30oS, and the Subpolar Low at around 60o S, the movement of the high and low pressure systems, along with ocean currents, determine the precipitation pattern. [121] In July, mean temperatures are above 0 °C (32 °F) in all of extra–Andean Patagonia,[119] ranging from 7 °C (45 °F) in the north to around 0 °C (32 °F) in Ushuaia. The rain shadow area has a central arid (desert) core rimmed by semiarid, or steppe, conditions. Central Argentina, which includes the Pampas to the east, and the Cuyo region to the west, has a temperate climate with hot summers and cool, drier winters. [71] The mean annual temperatures in this region ranges between 16 to 20 °C (61 to 68 °F). [124] The daily and annual range of temperatures on these plateaus is very high. Die Ausdehnung von Norden nach Süden beträgt 3694 km, die von Westen nach Osten an der breitesten Stelle 1423 km. [126], The aridity of the region is due to the combination of low precipitation, strong winds, and high temperatures in the summer months, each of which cause high evaporation rates. › Overview: Climate in Argentina [9] The western part has a pronounced dry winter season while the eastern parts have a slightly drier season. The Andean region extends some 2,300 miles (3,700 km) along the western edge of the country from Bolivia to southern Patagonia, forming most of the natural boundary with Chile. [83], The Pampas includes all of Buenos Aires Province, eastern and southern Córdoba Province, eastern La Pampa Province, and southern Santa Fe Province. climate of the country shape the inuence of climate. [53], The atmospheric circulation is controlled by the two semi–permanent South Atlantic and South Pacific highs,[54]:18 and the Chaco Low. [20][23]:63 Winters are mild and brief, with mean temperatures in July ranging from 16 °C (61 °F) in the northern parts to 14 °C (57 °F) in the southernmost parts. › Overview: Climate in Argentina › Duration of daylight and sunshine in Argentina The disputed Falkland Islands is a United Kingdom Overseas Territory, but is claimed by Argentina. Each region contains the following departments. 1. [30] Snowfall is extremely rare; when it does snow, it usually lasts for only a day or two. [100] Maritime polar air from the south produces the cool pampero winds, while warm humid tropical air from the north produces sultry nortes – a gentle wind usually from the northeast formed by trade winds, and the South Atlantic High that brings cloudy, hot, and humid weather and is responsible for bringing heat waves. [121] Because of this, these cold fronts do not result in the cold being intense since they are moderated as they pass over the surrounding oceans. Many rural people grew to resent the wealth, political power, and cultural affectations of the porteños, the “people of the port” in the Buenos Aires region, and many porteños looked upon residents of the interior as ignorant peasants. Forests grow along the eastern border of the puna region southward to the colder Andean zones, covering many slopes in this part of the mountains. Climate in Patagonia is similar to the Pacific Northwest and southern Alaska; in the summer you can expect some warm sunny weather, as well as cold, rainy, windy days. During winter, stationary fronts bring long rainy periods.